What do you know about the concepts “deep work – shallow work”?
ChatGPT: “Deep work” and “shallow work” are concepts introduced by Cal Newport in his book “Deep Work: Rules for Focused Success in a Distracted World.”
Deep work refers to focused work that requires cognitive effort, such as creative thinking, problem-solving, and learning new skills. This type of work is typically performed in a state of concentration, without distractions or interruptions, and can lead to significant progress and accomplishments.
On the other hand, shallow work refers to non-cognitive, routine tasks that do not require much concentration or creative thinking, such as answering emails, attending meetings, and other administrative tasks. While shallow work is necessary to some extent, it can often be a distraction that prevents individuals from engaging in deep work and achieving their goals.
Newport argues that in today’s distraction-filled world, deep work is becoming increasingly rare but is essential for high-quality and meaningful work. He suggests that individuals should strive to maximize their time spent on deep work while minimizing shallow work.
To do this, Newport recommends creating a distraction-free work environment, setting aside dedicated time for deep work, and developing habits and routines that facilitate deep work. By doing so, individuals can achieve more meaningful work and make significant progress towards their goals.
Definition of Deep Work
Deep work is professional activities performed
in a state of distraction-free concentration
that pushes your cognitive capabilities to their limit.
These efforts create new value
improve your skill and are hard to replicate.
Cal puts deep work in contrast with shallow work.
Shallow work is defined as non-cognitively demanding logistical style
tasks that are often performed in a state of distraction
and these efforts are typically low in value and are easy to replicate.
Cal also makes the point that
If you spend enough time in this frantic distracted shallow work state
then you permanently lose your ability to do deep work
or in other words it takes lots of effort and deliberate training
to train yourself to be able to do deep work again.