• What are the 3 Gunas?
o Guna means texture or quality.
o Satvika or Sattva
o Rajasam or Rajas
o Tamasam or Tamas
• What is the purpose
of studying the Three Gunas?
o All humans have thoughts and all thoughts
are classified into 3 textures.
o All humans have all the 3 Gunas.
The combined proportion accounts
for the diversity in human beings.
o No Guna exists on its own.
All 3 Gunas co-exist.
o To know the proportion of each of the 3 Gunas
in one’s personality as a starting point.
o Transcending the Gunas
helps to find fulfillment in life.
• What is meant by understanding
action as an expression of thought?
• What is Sattva and how does it express in Action?
o Action continues with mental equanimity and clarity.
o Swami Rama Tiratha said “Intense Work is Rest”.
o Action performed from the position of a Giver
detaches the Doer from the attitude of ‘doer-ship’
and hence promotes Sattva.
o Understanding that the Right (Adhikara) of the Doer
is on the Action only, and not on the Fruit of Action, promotes Sattva
o Performance of one’s bounden duty with the understanding
that the Goal is Liberation (Moksha) and not Wealth (Artha),
Enjoyment (Kama) promotes Sattva.
• What is Rajas and how does it express in Action?
o Action continues but with a disturbed mind.
o Agitation is the disturbance that is created by both joy and sorrow.
The mind is not available to perform normal action.
o There is confusion as the mind is preoccupied with its disturbance.
• What is Tamas and how does it express in Action?
o While it is defined as inaction it may not be literally so.
o Tamas is mental resistance to Action, resistance to
performing Obligatory Actions and may result in Inaction.
o There is a sense of Delusion backing the Action and the individual
may derive pleasure out of an irresponsible attitude.
• What are the properties of Delusion?
o Recklessness with no understanding of consequences or damage to oneself and others.
o Procrastination resulting in thought of doing action but the action never happens
o Postponement of the action without any reason
o Action stays at the level of thought
• How do Sattva, Rajas and Tamas express at the level of Emotions?
o Sattva is pure emotion.
o Rajas leads to attachment and selfishness, followed by possessiveness, agitation and violence
o Tamas expresses as indifference and vulgarity
• Why is it important to keep Rajas under check?
o As Rajas increases so does the level of Agitation
o When the individual cannot contain the agitation anymore, action stops
o Lack of action is Tamas. Hence Rajas and Tamas are only a difference in degree.
• What should be one’s direction in life based on the principles of the Trigunas?
o Promote Sattva.
Resist the free manifestation of Tamas